6.7 Millions deaths in 2021

Diabetes is a SILENT KILLER

It is one of the leading causes of death in the world that has no cure. Nearly half of the people with diabetes are undiagnosed.

Today, 537 million Adults are living with Diabetes

240 million adults are undiagnosed and unaware

81% live in low and middle income countries

USD 966 billions of Global Health Expenditure

1.2 million people under 19yrs are Type-1 Diabetic

1 person dies in every 5 seconds with Diabetes

COUNTRIES WITH NUMBER OF PEOPLE WITH DIABETES WORLDWIDE
With worldwide increase of 48%, 425million in 2017 and 629million 2045
CountryStats
North America and Caribbean 2017-46million / 2045-62million 35%
South & Central America 2017-26million / 2045-42million 62%
Africa 2017-16million / 2045-41million 156%
Middle East Asia & North Africa 2017-39million / 2045-82million 110%
South East Asia 2017-82million / 2045-151million 84%
Europe 2017-58million / 2045-67million 16%
Western Pacific: 2017-159million / 2045-183million 15%

Type-1 Diabetes

  • An autoimmune illness.
  • Damages insulin production in the pancreas.
  • Raise the blood sugar levels
  • Cannot be Regulated Naturally

Steps to regulate Type-1 diabetes

  • Take Insulin injection every day 
  • Check blood sugar levels throughout the day 
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet 
  • Engage in regular activity

85% of cases have no first-degree family history. The risk is 15 times among first-degree relative

Type-2 Diabetes

Deficiency of Insulin Production Or the body is resistant to insulin Obesity and High blood sugar levels are the significant risk factors

Steps to regulate Type-2 diabetes

  • Take Insulin injection every day 
  • Check blood sugar levels throughout the day 
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet 
  • Engage in regular activity

85% of cases have no first-degree family history. The risk is 15 times among first-degree relative

Gestational Diabetes

Arises in pregnant women. Usually, in the second or third-trimester Insulin deficiency is due to pregnancy requirements.

Steps to regulate
Gestational diabetes

  • Regularly checking blood sugar levels 
  • Eating a low GI diet, avoiding sugary food and drinks. 
  • Taking regular and moderate exercise 
  • Medication may be offered if the latter changes have not improved

5% of pregnant women are affected by Gestational diabetes. The risk is heightened if BMI is above 30. Children born under gestational diabetes often have a higher BMI

WARNING SIGNS

Hypoglycaemia

This occurs when a diabetic person takes too much insulin, which happens commonly in Type 1 diabetics. Symptoms include:

[Sweating] [Dizziness] [Confusion] [Feeling Hungry] [Shaking]

Hyperglycaemia

This is when body has too much of sugar stored in bloodstream, creating an adverse effect on the body and its organs including:

[Tiredness] [Blurred Vision] [Increased thirst] [Frequent Urination] [Recurrent Infections] [Unintentional Weight loss]

Keep your blood sugar levels under constant monitor under the above symptoms.Staying high for prolonged periods can cause KETOACIDOSIS which can be fatal

THE DIABETIC DISTRESS

People with diabetes experience higher rates of mental health issues

Increased symptoms of depression affect one in four adults with diabetes with rates ranging from 21.3% in adults with type 1 diabetes to 27% in adults with type 2 diabetes.

Adults with diabetes have been found to have elevated rates of anxiety symptoms and conditions including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and anxiety symptoms that are specific to the experience of living with diabetes or diabetes complications (e.g. fear of needles, fear of hypoglycemia)

18-45% of people with diabetes exhibit diabetes distress –a condition where the emotional burden and stresses of living with diabetes manifests in physical ways such as fatigue, tension and burnout.

Diabetes can have a greater impact on young people

27% of teenagers with type 1 diabetes exhibited moderate to high risk for depression and 8% endorsed thoughts of self-harm.

Youth with type 2 diabetes are also at risk of depression with rates ranging from 8% to 22%

Diabetes can lead to disordered eating

In women with type 1 diabetes, rates of disordered eating behaviors can reach 51.8 percent.

Diabetes patients are more likely to develop a psychiatric eating disorder, with 6.4 percent experiencing bulimia, binge eating, or anorexia.

Cost

Spending 3000- 4000INR per month on glucose monitoring techniques and Invasive patches which cost up to 36,000INR that require repeated expenditures of 5000-6000INR every 14 days is difficult for a middle class citizen

Comfort

The majority of people are afraid of pricking since stabbing your finger repeatedly hurts and develops bruises, and most people are afraid of seeing blood. Also frequent finger pricking causes fingers to become deadened and susceptible to infection.

Convenience

The current glucometers on the market are inconvenient to open and use in public places, and they are obtrusive by attracting attention.

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